The Commonwealth Blog
On April 16, 1984, as Henry Kissinger spoke to the Club about a bipartisan report on Central America he chaired, rowdy demonstrators gathered both outside and inside the meeting, protesting, among other things, U.S. involvement in the mining of Nicaraguan ports. During his talk, Kissinger denied any inside knowledge, but endorsed the policy and joked about the protest saying "…few people can unify the American people like I can. I have a great constituency of nuts on the left and an equal constituency of nuts on the right."
Kissinger has remained active in U.S. foreign policy, continuing to outrage people across the spectrum. This March he wrote, “The Ukrainian issue is posed as a showdown: whether Ukraine joins the East or the West. But if Ukraine is to survive and thrive, it must not be either side’s outpost against the other – it should function as a bridge between them." This outlook is consistent with his Cold War advocacy of détente, yet might sound to some as being remarkably sanguine for a ruthless realist.
This day in Commonwealth Club history: Senator Estes Kefauver (D-Tenn.) discussed "Issues of the Election" in his April 9, 1952, speech to The Commonwealth Club of California. Kefauver would himself be heavily involved in the national election a few years later when he was chosen as the vice presidential candidate in Adlai Stevenson's ill-fated bid for the White House.
This day in Commonwealth Club history: Frank E. Hinckley discussed "Eight Years in China" in his April 8, 1916, speech to The Commonwealth Club of California?.
This day in Commonwealth Club history: CIA Director William J. Casey discussed "Silicon Valley: The Secret Soviet Penetration" in his April 3, 1984, speech to The Commonwealth Club of California.
This day in Commonwealth Club history: Senator Bob Dole discussed "The Budget Battle" in his March 28, 1983, speech to The Commonwealth Club of California.
This day in Commonwealth Club history: Newly elected Mayor George Moscone spoke to The Commonwealth Club of California? about "The View from the Mayor's Office" in his March 26, 1976, address.
Our condolences to the family of Joel Brinkley, who passed away at the too-early age of 61. Brinkley, a Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist and former director of the Fund for Investigative Journalism, was also a frequent moderator of Commonwealth Club of California programs until he returned to the East Coast in 2013. He was also the featured speaker in some Club programs, including this 2011 program on "Cambodia's Curse: The Modern History of a Troubled Land."
He died this week of pneumonia in Washington, D.C.
By Zoë Byrne
In light of the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics, President Putin’s anti-LGBT laws are definitely not the first of its kind of oppression against the LGBT community in Russia. A significant portion of the governments of Russian cities and provinces had already enacted their own versions of suppressive legislation back in 2012. The motive behind the passage of such laws seems to be an inherent disdain for and belief that any discussions of LGBT issues in front of minors will automatically be propaganda that promotes a type of lifestyle of which many Russians are vehemently opposed. This belief that the LGBT community has complete control over whom they love and are attracted to ignites a long-standing debate among many about whether sexual orientation is something people are either born with or choose. On the other side are those who believe that it should be an individual’s right to a personal opinion on how to live his or her life the way that feels most comfortable, rather than a government imposing laws restricting the rights of their citizens to live completely free. However, Russia remains a country desiring to control its citizens’ lives and opinions – reminiscent of its communist past – and reminds Americans how fortunate we are to have the rights and freedoms, including freedom of speech, that we have regardless of whether or not we agree with each other.
The lack of freedom for the LGBT community in Russia has caused many such individuals to hide their true identities due to their fears and threats of losing jobs, homes and even possibly their lives in the event of violence. Besides the anti-propaganda law, some other restrictive Russian laws against the LGBT community include: an adoption ban for Russian children by same-sex couples as well as heterosexual couples who reside in countries where same-sex marriage is legal, a ban against making any statements that support homosexuality, and a law that gives the Russian police permission to arrest any foreign visitor or temporary citizen they might suspect is homosexual or supportive of homosexuality and keep them for up to two weeks.
Targeting the LGBT community, especially during the 2014 Sochi Olympics, is part of what many see as President Putin’s remolding of the Russian government along authoritarian lines and, critics fear, an effort to distract Russia from focusing on economic issues and other policy failings. For people wishing to publicly demonstrate their support and advocacy for the LGBT community in Sochi, violations range anywhere from making televised statements to wearing pro-LGBT paraphernalia; punishments for committing these violations include arrest, two-week incarceration, and fines as high as $3,100.
Though Russia claims the laws will not be enforced during the Olympics, the truth remains very hazy, because Putin’s laws and policies, as well as Russia’s as a whole, treat homosexuality as the same as pedophilia, encouraging the fear that any demonstrations of support will influence Russian children to possibly defy the conservative social culture by accepting same-sex couples. In an attempt to allow people to protest, if they choose to do so, yet still muffle LGBT supporters, Russia has made it extremely difficult to obtain this right by only allowing such protests to happen in a village that is seven miles from Sochi called Khost. An additional and challenging hurdle to attaining this right will be whether Russia’s Ministry of Interior and Federal Security Service decides to grant the permits needed, as proclaimed by Russian law, to those wishing to protest. The uncertainty of whether the anti-LGBT laws will truly not be enforced or imposed, as Russia keeps claiming, makes it extremely challenging for those who support the LGBT community to watch the games peacefully and enjoyably with the knowledge that the host country does not respect all of its citizens.
RELATED: "From Russia Without Love: The 2014 Winter Olympics and Human Rights in Russia," a February 4, 2014, program at The Commonwealth Club of California.
Thirty-two years ago: Businessman William Agee gave a talk called "Business Looks at Reaganomics" on February 19, 1982.
Sixty-one years ago: Governor Earl Warren discussed "State Government and Finance" in his address to The Commonwealth Club of California? on February 13, 1953.